Epinephelus maculatus, Adult, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Epinephelus maculatus, Juvenile, NSW, Australia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Epinephelus maculatus, Juvenile, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Epinephelus maculatus, Juvenile, NSW, Australia, Photo: Tom Davis
Temperate Australasia, Tropical Indo-Pacific
Brown with darker polygonal pattern and high spiny dorsal fin similar to E. bilobatus (Frostback Rockcod), but with two white saddles in front of, and midway along, dorsal fin, each followed by a broad diffuse dusky patch. Younger adults with yellow fin margins. Juveniles dark brown/black with white blotches over body. Length to 62cm.
Max Size: 61 cm
Sea Temperature Range: 19.1-30.0°C
Habitat: Coral Reef
Habitat Generalisation Index: 0.8
Also referred to as the SGI (Species generalisation index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species.
Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most
hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here
IUCN Threat Status: Least Concern
Occurrence: Infrequent (2% of sites)
Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution.
It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed
Abundance: Solitary (1 per transect)
Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.