Chaetodon lunulatus, Adult, Great Barrier Reef, Cairns, Australia, Photo: Andrew Green
Chaetodon lunulatus, Adult, Bali, Indonesia, Photo: Ian Shaw
Yellow with slight violet tint, intricate purple stripes along body and pale purple tail base. Small black dash on one of the stripes on the upper body, black band on tail and black lips. C. trifasciatus (Melon Butterflyfish) in Indian Ocean has yellow/orange tail base.
Max Size: 14 cm
Sea Temperature Range: 19.9-31.2°C
Habitat: Coral Reef
Habitat Generalisation Index: 21.4
Also referred to as the SGI (Species generalisation index), this describes the habitat niche breadth of the species.
Species with values less than 15 are found in a relatively narrow range of reef habitat types (specialists), while those over 25 may be found on most
hard substrates within their range (generalists). Learn more here
Threats: Exploitation, Habitat degradation
IUCN Threat Status: Least Concern
Occurrence: Common (42% of sites)
Occurrence describes how often the species is found on surveys within its distribution.
It is calculated as the % of reef sites surveyed by RLS divers across all the ecoregions in which the species has been observed
Abundance: Few (3 per transect)
Abundance is calculated as the average number of individuals recorded per RLS transect, where present.
Edit by: RD Stuart-Smith, GJ Edgar, AJ Green, IV Shaw. 2015. Tropical Marine Fishes of Australia. Reed New Holland